Sunday, 8 December 2013

November 25th - St. Catharine of Alexandria

The feast of St. Catherine if of double rite and its liturgical colour is red. St. Catherine was martyred in the fourth century at the hands of the pagan emperor Maxentius. The twenty-fourth, and last, Sunday after Pentecost (and the fifth Sunday of November) is commemorated at Vespers, Mattins, Lauds and Mass.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Haec est Virgo sapiens etc were sung with psalms 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147. The Office hymn was Jesu corona virginum. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday was sung (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Super muros tuos for the Saturday before the fifth Sunday of November). The Suffrages were omitted due to the double feast as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Regem Virginum Dominum, * Venite adoremus and the Office hymn is Virgines proles, opifexque matris. In the first nocturn the antiphons O quam pulchra etc are sung with psalms 8, 18 & 23. The lessons are the Incipit of Micheas the Prophet. The first lesson is longer than that found in the post-Clementine editions. After ... et super excelsa terra the lesson continues Et consumenter montes, from the second lesson in the modern Breviary, until ... in peccatis domus Israel. The second lesson begins Quod scelus Jacob?... and continues until usque ad Hierusalem, i.e the end of the modern third lesson. The third lesson begins In Geth nolite annciare and continues until ...in deceptionem regibus Israel (vv. 10 - 14). These verses are absent from the later editions. In the second nocturn the antiphons Specie tua etc are sung with psalms 44, 45 & 47. The historical lessons of the nocturn are virtually the same as those found in the post-Clementine editions. In the third nocturn the antiphons Nigra sum etc are sung with psalms 95, 96 & 97. The homily is from St. Gregory on St. Matthew's Gospel (from the Common). The lessons are substantially longer than those found in the post-Clementine editions. The eighth and ninth lessons are read together as one to form the eighth lesson and the ninth lesson is formed of the three lessons of the Sunday. The homily for the last Sunday after Pentecost is from St. Jerome on St. Matthew's Gospel. The lessons are, again, longer than those found in later editions. The seventh lesson (of the Sunday) continues with the first sentence of the modern eighth lesson Potest autem... in praesentem diem stetit. The eighth lesson begins Abominatio quoque secundum... and continues until Apostoli habere prohibentur, the end of the modern ninth lesson. The text of the ninth lesson, absent from the modern books, begins Vae autem praegnantibus... and continues until ne temporum mora fides concutiatur credentium. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Haec est Virgo sapiens etc are sung with psalms 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite & 148-149-150. The Office hymn is Jesu corona virginum. After the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Sunday. The Suffrages are omitted due to the double feast.

At Prime the antiphon Haec est Virgo etc is sung with psalms 53, 118i & 118ii. Quicumque and the Dominical preces are omitted on this double feast. The lectio brevis is is Domine, Deus meus etc. At the other Hours the antiphons from Lauds are used in the normal manner.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday. The Creed is sung as is the Common preface. The last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At Vespers all the antiphons, psalms, chapter and hymn are as were sung at first Vespers. The V&R are proper to second Vespers of the Common. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and of St. Peter of Alexandria. The Suffrages are omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

Icon: St. Catharine from Wikipedia

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