Sunday, 25 September 2016

September 12th - XIV Sunday after Pentecost - Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity of the BVM


The fourteeth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and, it being this year the Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity of the BVM, its liturgical colour is white. It is also the third Sunday of September. The week of the September Ember Days follows.

Vespers yesterday afternoon were 'from the chapter' of the Sunday.The antiphons and psalms were those from the feast of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin, Nativitas gloriosae Virginis Mariae etc sung, not doubled, with Pss. 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147.The chapter was O Altitudo and the Office hymn O lux beata Trinitas (sung with the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation, Gloria tibi Domine ). The antiphon on the Magnificat was Ne reminiscaris for the Saturday before the third Sunday of September. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration was sung of the Octave of the Nativity of the BVM. At Compline the Dominical preces were omitted due to the Octave.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn Nocte surgentes. In the first nocturn (Pss. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 & 14) are sung. The lessons are the Incipit of the Book of Tobias. The first lesson continues with what is now the beginning of the second lesson Deinique, cum irent... to ...ministraret omnem decimationem. The second lesson begins Haec et his similia.. to ... salutis dabat eis, what is the end of the third lesson in the modern editions. The third lesson, absent from modern editions, begins Cum autem venisset... and continues until ...solicitus exhibebat. (vv. 16 - 20). In the second nocturn (Pss. 15, 16 & 17) the lessons are from a sermon of St. Leo. The sixth lesson is slightly longer than that found in the modern editions, the seventh and eighth lessons are the same. In the third nocturn (Pss. 18, 19 & 20) the homily is from St. Augustine on St. Matthew's Gospel. The lessons are longer than those found in the modern Breviary. The seventh lesson includes most of the text of the modern eighth lesson, the eighth lesson contains text not found in the later editions and the ninth lesson contains the text of the modern ninth lesson and, in addition, several more sentences. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the Sunday psalms (Pss. 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite 148-49-150) are sung. After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration of the Octave is sung. The Suffrages are not sung because of the Octave.

At Prime (Pss. 53, 117, 118i & 118ii) Quicumque is sung but the Dominical preces are omitted due to the Octave. In the short responsory the verse Qui natus es is sung. At the Hours the hymns are sung with the Doxology and melody of the Incarnation.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Octave. There is no third collect. The Credo is sung and the preface is of the BVM.

Vespers are of the Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113). After the collect of the Sunday a commemoration is sung of the Octave. The Suffrages are omitted as are the Dominical preces at Compline.

Sunday, 18 September 2016

September 5th - XIII Sunday after Pentecost


The thirteenth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite. This year it is the second Sunday of September. The liturgical colour is green.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Vespers for Saturday (Pss. 143, 144, 145, 146 & 147) were sung. The chapter was O Altitudo and the Office hymn was O lux beata Trinitas. The antiphon on the Magnificat was In omnibus his for the Saturday before the second Sunday of September. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Petrus Apostolus etc, of the Patron and lastly for peace Da pacem Domine were sung. At Compline the Dominical preces were sung.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn is Nocte surgentes. In the first nocturn (Pss. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 & 14) are sung and the lessons continue to be read from the Book of Job. The first lesson consists of text of both the first and second lessons in the post-Clementine editions of the Breviary. The second lesson begins Si venerit ad me and is a sentence longer than the third lesson found in the modern editions continuing until the end of verse 18 of the ninth chapter. The third lesson is entirely absent from the modern books and begins Si fortitudo quaeritur (v.19) and continues until the end of verse 28. In the second nocturn (Pss. 15, 16 & 17) the lessons are from the Book of Morals of St. Gregory. These are the same as those found in the later books. In the third nocturn (Pss. 18, 19 & 20) the homily is from St. Augustine on St. Luke's Gospel. These lessons are longer than those found in modern editions with lessons seven and eight comprising of the text of the modern three third nocturn lessons. The text of the ninth lesson is absent from the post-Clementine editions. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the Dominical psalms (Pss. 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite & 148-149-150) are sung. The Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Gloriosi principes etc, of the Patron and lastly for peace Da pacem Domine etc are sung.

At Prime (Pss. 53, 117, 118i & 118ii) both Quicumque and the Dominical preces are sung.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is A cunctis, the third collect is chosen by the Dean or Rector. The Credo and the Common Preface are sung.

Vespers are of the Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113). The Office hymn is Lucis creator. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Petrus Apostolus etc, of the Patron and, lastly, for peace Da pacem Domine etc are sung. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung..

Art: Jerome Nadal

Sunday, 11 September 2016

August 29th - The Beheading of St. John the Baptist


The feast of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist is of double rite and its liturgical colour is red. Texts for the feast are either proper or from the Common of a Martyr. Today is also the twelfth Sunday after Pentecost, and the first Sunday of September, and the Sunday is commemorated in the Office and at Mass.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Herodes enim tenuit etc were sung with the psalms as in first Vespers of Apostles (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116). The Office hymn was Deus tuorum militum. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the preceding Office of St. Augustine of Hippo, of the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat was Cum audisset Job for the Saturday before the first Sunday of September) and of St. Sabina. The Suffrages were omitted because of the occurring double feasts as were the Dominical preces at Compline.

At Mattins the invitatory is Regem Martyrum Dominum, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn Deus, tuorum militum. In the first nocturn the antiphons In lege Domini etc are sung with psalms 1, 2 & 3. The lessons are proper to the feast taken from the Incipit of the Book of Jeremiah (as on the feast of St. John's Nativity) with responsories proper to the feast Misit Herodes rex etc, Joannes Baptista arguebat Herodem etc and Puellae saltanti imperavit mater etc. The lessons are the same as those found in modern editions of the Breviary. In the second nocturn the antiphons Filii hominum etc are sung with psalms 4, 5 & 8. The lessons are from St. Ambrose, these are the same as those found in the modern editions and are followed by responsories from the Common. In the third nocturn the antiphons Justus Dominus etc are sung with psalms 10, 14 & 20. The homily on St. Mark's Gospel is from St. Augustine. The seventh and eighth lessons are as found in the modern books except the last word of the eighth lesson is saltatricem not saltantem. These are followed by responsories from the Common. The ninth lesson is made up of the three lessons from the Sunday homily which are from the writings of St. Bede on St. Luke's Gospel. They are longer than those found in the post-Clementine editions with lessons seven and eight (of the Sunday) comprising of the entire text of the modern third nocturn lessons. the Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Herodes enim tenuit etc are sung with psalms 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite & 148-149-150. The Office hymn is Martyr Dei, qui unicum. The antiphon on the Benedictus and collect are proper to the feast. Commemorations are then sung of the Sunday and of St. Sabina.

At the Hours the antiphons Herodes enim tenuit etc are sung with the festal psalms. At Prime (Pss. 53, 118i & 118ii) the lectio brevis is Justus cor suum.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of the Sunday, the third collect of St. Sabina. The Creed is sung as the feast falls on a Sunday, the common preface is sung and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At Vespers the antiphons Herodes enim tenuit etc are sung with psalms 109, 110, 111, 112 & 115. The Office hymn is Deus, tuorum militum. The antiphon on the Magnificat is proper. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and the following feast of SS Felix and Adauctus.

Sunday, 4 September 2016

August 22nd - Octave Day of the Assumption


The Octave Day of the Assumption is of double rite and its liturgical colour is white. The eleventh Sunday after Pentecost (and fourth Sunday of August) is commemorated in the Office and at Mass.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Assumpta est Maria etc were sung (doubled as on the feast day) with psalms 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147. The chapter was from Ecclesiasticus, In omnibus requiem etc., and the Office hymn was Ave, Maris stella. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of the Sunday, the antiphon on the Magnificat was Sapientia for the Saturday before the fourth Sunday of August, and of SS Timothy, Hippolytus and Symphorian. The Suffrages were omitted. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the melody and Doxology of the Incarnation, Gloria tibi Domine, Qui natus es de Virgine, Cum Patre et Sancto Spiritu, In sempiterna saecula, as it has been throughout the Octave. The Dominical preces were omitted.

At Mattins the invitatory, antiphons, psalmody and responsories are as on the feast. In the first nocturn the lessons are taken from the Canticle of Canticles. These are the same as those found in post-Clementine editions of the Breviary. In the second nocturn the lessons are taken from a sermon of St. Bernard. The selection of texts is completely different to that found in the modern editions (1891 & 1932). In the third nocturn St. Bernard again provides the homily on the fragment from St. Luke's Gospel. The texts are slightly longer than those found in the modern books. Tpday the eighth and ninth lessons are read together and ninth lesson is formed of the three lessons of the homily for the Sunday. These are from the text of a homily of St. Gregory on St. Mark's Gospel. These are the same as those found in the post-Clementine editions. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Assumpta est Maria etc are sung with psalms 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite and 148-149-150. The hymn is O gloriosa Domina. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of the Sunday and of SS Timothy, Hippolytus and Symphorian.

At Prime and the Hours the hymns are sung with the proper Doxology and tone as noted above. At Prime (Pss. 53, 118i & 118ii) in the short responsory Qui natus es de Virgine is sung and the lectio brevis is In plateis.

Mass is celebrated after Terce. The Mass formulary is the sublime Gaudeamus etc. The Gloria is sung. The second collect is of the Sunday, the third collect of SS Timothy, Hippolytus and Symphorian. The Creed is sung, the preface is that of the BVM and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

In the afternoon at second Vespers all is as at first Vespers of the feast except the antiphon on the Magnificat which is Hodie Maria Virgo caelos ascendit: gaudete, quia cum Christo regnat in aeternum. After the collect of the feast a commemoration is sung of the Sunday. With the singing of Compline the Office of this great Octave, perhaps the most stunning in the whole Roman Office, comes to a close for this year.

Sunday, 28 August 2016

August 15th - The Assumption


Gaudeamus omnes in Domino , diem festum celebrantes sub honore beate Mariae Virginis: de cujus Assumptione gaudent Angeli et collaudant Filium Dei. (Introit)

The feast of the Assumption is of double rite with an Octave. The liturgical colour of the feast, and Octave, is white. The tenth Sunday after Pentecost is commemorated in the Office and at Mass.

At first Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Assumpta est Maria etc were sung with Pss. 109, 112, 121, 126 & 147. The Office hymn was Ave maris stella. After the collect of feast a commemoration of the Sunday was sung, the antiphon on the Magnificat being Omnis sapientia for the Sunday before the third Sunday of August. At Compline Te lucis was sung with the melody and Doxology of the Incarnation Gloria tibi Domine etc.

At Mattins the invitatory, Venite, adoremus Regem regum, Cujus hodie ad aethereum Virgo Mater assumpta est in caelum, is proper to the feast. The Office hymn is Quem terra, pontus. In the first nocturn the antiphons Exaltata est etc are sung with psalms 8, 18 & 23. The lessons in the first nocturn are taken from the Incipiunt of the Canticle of Canticles. These are the same as those found in later editions of the Breviary until the 1950s when this most venerable of Offices was destroyed by wicked men. In the second nocturn the antiphons Specie tua etc are sung with psalms 44, 45 & 86. The lessons are from a sermon of St. Athanasius. The more familiar texts from St. John Damascene appear in the Clementine edition of the Breviary. In the third nocturn the antiphons Gaude, Maria virgo etc are sung with psalms 95, 96 & 97. The homily on St. Luke's Gospel is from St. Augustine's 27th Sermon on the Words of the Lord. These are the same as those found in the post-Clementine editions. Today the eighth and ninth lessons are read together to form an extended ninth lesson and the ninth lesson is formed from the three lessons given for the homily of the Sunday. These are from a homily of St. Augustine on St. Luke's Gospel and are considerably longer than those found in post-Clementine editions so the text of the ninth lesson (appointed for the Sunday) is now entirely absent the modern editions. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Assumpta est Maria etc are sung with psalms 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite and 148-149-150. The Office hymn is O gloriosa Domina. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday is sung.

At Prime and the Hours the hymns are sung with the proper Doxology and tone, Gloria tibi Domine etc. In the short responsory at Prime Qui natus es de Virgine is sung, both today and throughout the Octave, and the lectio brevis is In plateis.

Mass is celebrated after Terce. The Mass formulary, Gaudeamus, is a particularly beautiful set of texts. The Gloria is sung. The second collect is of the Sunday. The Epistle is a sublime cento from the Book of Wisdom that also forms the chapters at the Office. The gradual Propter veritatem is very ancient. The Credo is sung, the preface is of the BVM and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

In the afternoon at second Vespers all is sung as at first Vespers except the antiphon on the Magnificat which today is Hodie Maria Virgo caelos ascendit: gaudete, quia cum Christo regnat in aeternum. After the collect of the feast a commemoration of the Sunday is sung.

Sunday, 21 August 2016

August 8th - IX Sunday after Pentecost

The ninth Sunday after Pentecost is of semi-double rite and its liturgical colour is green. This year it is the second Sunday of August. The Gospel pericopes from St. Luke's Gospel contain the account of the LORD casting out the money lenders in the temple. The semi-double feast of SS Cyriacus, Largus & Smaragdus is transferred to Monday.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons and psalms of Vespers for Saturday (Pss. 143, 144, 145, 146 & 147) were sung. The chapter was O Altitudo and the Office hymn was O lux beata Trinitas. The antiphon on the Magnificat was Ego in altissimis for the Saturday before the second Sunday of August. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Petrus Apostolus etc, of the Patron and lastly for peace Da pacem Domine were sung. At Compline the Dominical preces were sung.

At Mattins the invitatory is Adoremus Dominum and the Office hymn Nocte surgentes. In the first nocturn (Pss. 1, 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 & 14)the lessons are from the Incipit of the Book of Ecclesiastes. The second lesson is longer than that found in modern editions of the Breviary and continues with what is now the beginning of the third lesson, Ego Ecclesiastes fui rex Israel... until ...ut occuparentur in ea. The third lesson begins Vidi cuncta... and continue until ...addit dolorum ending with the last verse of Ch. 1. In the second nocturn (Pss. 15, 16 & 17) the lessons are from the homily of St. Chrysostom against concubines. These are considerably longer than those found in modern recensions so that the text of the sixth lesson is entirely absent from the modern books. In the third nocturn (Pss. 18, 19 & 20) the homily is from St. Gregory on St. Luke's Gospel. Again the version in the Tridentine Breviary is considerably longer than that found in the post-Clementine editions. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the Sunday psalms (Pss. 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite & 148-49-150) are sung. The Office hymn is Ecce jam noctis. After the collect of the Sunday the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Gloriosi principes etc, of the Patron and lastly for peace Da pacem Domine etc are sung.

At Prime (Pss. 53, 117, 118i & 118ii) Quicumque is sung as are the Dominical preces.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is A cunctis, the third collect is chosen by the Dean or Rector. The Credo is sung, the Common Preface is sung.

Vespers are of the Sunday (Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 113). After the collect of the Sunday commemorations are sung of the following, transferred, feast of SS SS Cyriacus, Largus & Smaragdus and of St. Romanus followed by the Suffrages of the BVM Sancta Maria succurre etc, the Apostles Petrus Apostolus etc, of the Patron and, lastly, for peace Da pacem Domine etc. At Compline the Dominical preces are sung.

Sunday, 14 August 2016

August 1st - St. Peter ad Vincula

The feast of St. Peter ad Vincula, St. Peter in Chains, is of double rite and its liturgical colour is white. It is the dedication feast of the Basilica of St. Peter ad vincula in Rome. Today is also the first Sunday of August and the eighth Sunday after Pentecost which is commemorated in the Office and Mass.

At Vespers yesterday afternoon the antiphons Herodes rex etc were sung, doubled, with the psalms for first Vespers of Apostles, Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112 & 116. The Office hymn was Petrus beatus catenarum laqueos. After the collect of the feast commemorations were sung of St. Paul the Apostle, the Sunday (the antiphon on the Magnificat being Sapientia for the Saturday before the first Sunday of August) and of the Holy Machabees.

At Mattins the invitatory is Regem Apostolorum Dominum, Venite adoremus and the Office hymn Quodcumque vinclis. In the first nocturn the antiphons In omnem terram etc are sung with psalms 18, 33 & 44 from the Common of Apostles. The lessons are from the twelfth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles. These are the same as those found in the modern editions of the Breviary. In the second nocturn the antiphons Principes populorum etc are sung with psalms 46, 60 & 63. The lessons in the second nocturn are hagiographical and tell of Eudoxia, daughter of the Emperor Theodosius, receiving part of the chains in Rome from her mother Eudocia and seeing them re-united with links that had been preserved there. Again, these are the same as those found in modern books. In the third nocturn the antiphons Exaltabuntur etc are sung with psalms 74, 96 & 98. The homily is from St. Jerome on St. Matthew's Gospel as on the feast of SS Peter and Paul. The eighth and ninth lessons are read together to form the eighth lesson and the ninth lesson is formed of the texts for the homily of the Sunday. These are from St. Jerome on St. Luke's Gospel and are longer than those found in later editions. The Te Deum is sung.

At Lauds the antiphons Herodes rex etc are sung with psalms 92, 99, 62-66, Benedicite & 148-149-150. The hymn is Jam bone pastor Petre. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of St. Paul the Apostle, the Sunday and of the Holy Machabees.

At Prime the antiphon Herodes rex is sung with psalms 53, 118i & 118ii. Quicumque is omitted. The lectio brevis is Et Petrus as se reversus dixit.

Mass is sung after Terce. The Gloria is sung, the second collect is of St. Paul, the third collect of the Sunday and the fourth of the Holy Machabees. The Creed is sung, the preface is of the Apostles and the last Gospel is of the Sunday.

At second Vespers the antiphons Herodes rex etc are again sung, at this Office with psalms 109, 112, 115, 125 & 138. The Office hymn is Petrus beatus catenarum laqueos. After the collect of the feast commemorations are sung of St. Paul, the Sunday and of St. Stephen.

Icon: Orthodox Monastery Icons